Institutional Biosafety Committees
The IBC is composed of at least five members. At least three members shall come from the staff of the organization and must have the capability to assess the safety of research, in general, and of the specific area of specialization of their organization, in particular. In cases where the organization is multi-disciplinary in nature, e.g. academic institutions, the IBC members must be representative of the different areas of research specialization in the organization. At least two members must not be affiliated with the organization (apart from their membership with the IBC) but shall represent the interest of the surrounding community with respect to health and protection of the environment. The IBC may have consultants-on-call as they may deem necessary, to assist them in risk assessment and risk management.
The requirement that at least two members must not be affiliated with the institution but must represent the surrounding community has been a problem for several institutions, particularly for profit-oriented commercial/industrial establishments who are concerned with commercial-in-confidence information. On the other hand, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other citizen groups are wary of the ability of institutions to police themselves.
As of this writing, 44 IBCs have been organized in the country.
Functions and Powers of the IBC
Based on the guidelines published by the NCBP, the following are the powers and functions of the IBC:
- Review genetic manipulation work conducted at, or sponsored by the institution and recommend research proposals for approval by the NCBP;
- Review regularly work with potential risks that are being conducted at the institution to ensure that the guidelines are being fulfilled;
- Formulate and adopt emergency plans covering accidental spills and personnel contamination;
- Report immediately to the appropriate official and to the NCBP any significant problems with/or violations of the guidelines and any significant research-related accidents or illnesses.
- Perform such other functions as may be delegated by the NCBP
- Department of Science and Technology (DOST)
- Biosafety Clearing-House of the Philippines
- Department of Agriculture (DA)
- Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Plant Industry Biotech Website
- Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
- Department of Health (DOH)
- Official Portal of the Republic of the Philippines
- Biosafety Clearing House Central Portal
- Codex Alimentarius - Biotechnology
- Convention on Biological Biodiversity (CBD) - Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
- Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB)
- International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) - International Phytosanitary Portal
- Office International des Epizooties (OIE) - World Organization for Animal Health
- World Health Organization (WHO)